Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of existing human population exceeds the carrying capacity of Earth. Overpopulation is caused by number of factors. Reduced mortality rate, better medical facilities, depletion of precious resources are few of the causes which results in overpopulation.
Population may be considered positive hindrance in the way of economic development of a country. Too much population is not good for economic development.
Population can be a limiting factor to economic development because of the following reasons: Population reduces the Rate of Capital Formation: In underdeveloped countries, the composition of population is determined to increase capital formation.
Due to higher birth rate and low expectation of life in these countries, the percentage of dependents is very high.
Nearly 40 to 50 per cent of the population is in the non-productive age group which simply consumes and does not produce anything. In under developed countries, rapid growth of population diminishes the availability of capital per head which reduces the productivity of its labour force. Their income, as a consequence, is reduced and their capacity to save is diminished which, in turn, adversely affects capital formation.
Higher Rate of Population requires more Investment: In economically backward countries, investment requirements are beyond its investing capacity.
A rapidly growing population increases the requirements of demographic investment which at the same time reduces the capacity of the people to save. This creates a serious imbalance between investment requirements and the availability of investible funds. Therefore, the volume of such investment is determined by the rate of population growth in an economy.
Some economists have estimated that for maintaining the present level of per capita income, 2 per cent to 5 per cent of national income must be invested if population grows at 1 per cent per annum. In these countries, population is increasing at the rate of about 2.
These factors are mainly responsible for stagnation in such economies. It reduces per Capita Availability of Capital: The large size of population also reduces per capita availability of capital in less developed countries.
This is true in respect of underdeveloped countries where capital is scarce and its supply is inelastic. A rapidly growing population leads to a progressive decline in the availability of capital per worker.
This further leads to lower productivity and diminishing returns. Adverse Effect on per Capital Income: Rapid growth of population directly effects per capita income in an economy.Some negative effects of population growth are insecurity, crime, unemployment, underdevelopment, inequitable sharing of resources, and increased pollution of the environment.
These negative effects lead to subsequent problems such as clashes and fighting .
What are some causes and effects of rapid population growth between and ? Get the answers you need, now!/5(39).
Making People Aware of Family Planning: As population of this world is growing at a rapid pace, raising awareness among people regarding family planning and letting them know about serious after effects of overpopulation can help curb population growth.
One of the best way is to let them know about various safe sex techniques and contraceptives . Overpopulation: Causes, Effects and Solutions: Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of existing human population exceeds the carrying capacity of Earth.
What are some causes and effects of rapid population growth between and ? What were some effects of rapid population growth and urbanization in the middle east? The effect of. Effects of Rapid Population Growth While population growth is at times a beneficial thing for a species, there are many factors that define when growth becomes detrimental.
When population growth becomes " rapid " there is a great chance that the counter-productive level has been reached.