They were from aid agencies, funders, NGOs, and included independent consultants who had worked in various capacities as well as the facilitators. The meeting led to agreement on a total of 30 prioritized questions for up-to-date systematic reviews Table 2. It was recognized that further refinements to these questions are likely to take place as they are worked on for systematic reviews, and, as of Septemberthree are already under active discussion with the appropriate groups in The Cochrane Collaboration.
The young age of the region's hills result in rock formations, which are susceptible to slippages. Rising population and development pressures, particularly from logging and tourism, cause deforestation.
The result is denuded hillsides which exacerbate the severity of landslides; since tree cover impedes the downhill flow of water. Avalanches occurrences are common in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Sikkim etc. Floods in India[ edit ] Floods are the most common natural disaster in India.
The heavy southwest monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra and other rivers to distend their banks, often flooding surrounding areas. Though they provide rice paddy farmers with a largely dependable source of natural irrigation and fertilisation, the floods can kill thousands and displace millions.
Excess, erratic, or untimely monsoon rainfall may also wash away or otherwise ruin crops. Meanwhile, the annual precipitation totals have shown a gradual decline, due to a weakening monsoon circulation  as a result of the rapid warming in the Indian Ocean  and a reduced land-sea temperature difference.
This means that there are more extreme rainfall events intermittent with longer dry spells over central India in the recent decades. Cyclones in India[ edit ] Intertropical Convergence Zonemay affect thousands of Indians living in the coastal regions. Tropical cyclogenesis is particularly common in the northern reaches of the Indian Ocean in and around the Bay of Bengal.
Cyclones bring with them heavy rains, storm surgesand winds that often cut affected areas off from relief and supplies. On average, a major Category 3 or higher cyclone develops every other year.
Many powerful cyclones, including the Calcutta cyclonethe Bhola cyclonethe Bangladesh cyclone and the Odisha cyclone have led to widespread devastation along parts of the eastern coast of India and neighboring Bangladesh.
Widespread death and property destruction are reported every year in exposed Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal. India's western coast, bordering the more placid Arabian Sea, experiences cyclones only rarely; these mainly strike Gujarat and, less frequently, Kerala.
In terms of damage and loss of life, Cyclone 05Ba supercyclone that struck Odisha on 29 Octoberwas the worst in more than a quarter-century. Extremes in maximum and minimum temperatures and precipitation will increase particularly over western coast and central and north-east India.
Rivers and Glaciers[ edit ] The per capita availability of freshwater in India is expected to drop below cubic meters by because of population growth and climate change.
Krishna and Subarnarekha may become so by High population density, coastal flooding and saltwater intrusion and exposure to storm surges makes GangaGodavariKrishna and Mahanadi coastal river deltas "hotspots" of climate change vulnerability.
The Ganga and the Indus are likely to become water scarce by This will lead to water shortages becoming acuter with time and may endanger food security and energy generation.
Climate Change impacts are already observed in submergence of coastal lands in the Sundarbans loss of wetlands  and of coral reefs by bleaching and an estimated sea level rise of 1. This is due to increase in the intensity of the wind and dryness of the soil which increases the intensity of dust storms.
The rise in land surface temperature will be more pronounced in the northern part of India.Global disasters, both natural and man-made, affect health in many ways, as reviewed in this article in the Global Health series.
At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters [Ben Wisner, Piers Blaikie, Terry Cannon, Ian Davis] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods.
Natural Disasters Taking a Toll on States. Natural disasters, which occur across all parts of the United States, result in severe damage to natural and built environments, have long-term economic impacts and often lead to loss of life. Preparedness and Safety Messaging for Hurricanes, Flooding, and Similar Disasters. New: Preparedness and Safety Messaging for Hurricanes, Flooding, and Similar Disasters CDC developed a reference document that contains key messages on hurricane and flood related health threats. The Preparedness and Safety Messaging for Hurricanes, Flooding, and Similar Disasters can help local responders quickly create and adapt health communication products for affected communities.
However. Global disasters, both natural and man-made, affect health in many ways, as reviewed in this article in the Global Health series. Nov 16, · US News is a recognized leader in college, grad school, hospital, mutual fund, and car rankings. Track elected officials, research health conditions, and find news you can use in politics.
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Sep 21, · US News is a recognized leader in college, grad school, hospital, mutual fund, and car rankings. Track elected officials, research health conditions, and find news you can use in politics.