Essay referencing can be a headache at university. How many references do you need?
Usually it is a single page of references, alphabetized by author. It includes all of the essential information to guide the reader back to a specific source to find additional information.
This way the reader can quickly go directly to the source if he is interested in obtaining additional information. Sometimes you might hear students refer to a "Bibliography" page. A Bibliography page is similar to a References page—the exception, of course, is that APA style specifically refers to it as a "References" page.
In fact, you use the word References at the top of the page before you begin listing your sources. Even if your paper has only one source, the word References at the top of the page remains plural.
No matter what type of paper that you are writing—a thesis paper, dissertation, or term paper—you will find yourself extracting research and information from print and online sources to support your own viewpoints and arguments in your paper.
To avoid plagiarism and to give proper credit to the originator of the information, you must take responsibility to cite every piece of information that you use in your paper. APA style has specific requirements for formatting various types of sources. In this Hub, I will focus on formatting print sources, such as books, magazines, journals, and articles.
Any source that you cite in the main text of your paper is called an "in-text citation. The full and complete information of each in-text citation is listed on the References page.
Thus, only when you use an in-text citation do you add the complete information to the References page. Before we learn how to format different print sources, let me give you an example of an in-text citation and how it relates to the References page.
This will give you a visual understanding of how APA style wants you to cite sources. If not, I pointed a big red arrow to it. Because this writer is paraphrasing unique information from three authors of a journal article, he must cite the authors as the source of the information.
Listing a Reference APA style reference Source The above image is a snapshot of the References page at least the beginning of one since your paper will have many more references. Do you see how the in-text citation in the main text corresponds to the full source on a separate References page, and the reason why?
To keep your paper coherent and readable, APA style avoids stuffing all of the bibliographic details for every citation in the main text of the paper. A separate page i. At the end I will show you what a completed References page looks like. Lastly, I will tell you the mechanics, such as margins, typeface, spacing, and all the boring stuff.
Add the volume italicized after the name of the publication separated by a commafollowed by the page number s.
To add the issue as well, enclose the issue number in parenthesis in plain text next to the volume without a spaceas in this example: Citing an article from a journal with a vol. You do not need to list page numbers for a book citation, such as: The one difference is that you can include the month, day and year of publication if availablewhereas a journal article only requires the month and year.
If the entire article runs on separate pages, then use a comma to indicate discontinuous pages. Citing an article from a newspaper Source Multiple pages For multiple pages, use "pp.
If so, you just need to signify the fact that this source is a review of a book, meaning the actual book is not the source. Also, be sure to start the paragraph with the name of the author of the review, rather than the author of the book, such as: Do not bold-face or italicize it 4 Your entire paper is double-spaced.
Thus, your first reference is two lines below References. When listing the author names, start with the last name, followed by the first name, or first initial, and middle initial. If there are more than seven authors, list the first six authors of the source, followed by ellipses, and then the last author listed on the source.
Place the publication date in parenthesis, including the month and day if possible, such as: Use a lowercase letter to distinguish the publication years for separate sources, such as: Position the first line of the paragraph against the left margin and then indent subsequent lines of that paragraph by 0.
Use double line spacing throughout your paper, including the References page. Your References page will also have a running head left and page rightas shown below:Writing an essay is an unavoidable task for any high school or college student.
While researching, notating and composing an essay may seem like a daunting prospect, there are simple steps one can follow to make it less difficult.
Aug 31, · APA requires citations inside parentheses in the text of an essay, compiling them in an alphabetical References list at the end of a document.
While you're writing an essay, it's important to cite information so that you avoid plagiarism (a form of cheating).Views: K. Aug 31, · When you begin writing a research essay, you must take into account the format of your writing and reference pages.
There are several reference styles that may be assigned to you, including MLA (Modern Language Association), APA (American Psychological Association), and Chicago%(2). In most universities, there are two primary methods of including references, APA and MLA.
Most of the time, English courses require MLA citation, while courses such as psychology, sociology, and. How many references to include in an essay is a tricky question. As well as giving you some idea of the "magic number", this article unpacks why you need to reference, and how you can push your grades up by points with a few simple tricks.
Find guide books or supplemented material at your school library, in handouts from your teacher, the Purdue Online Writing Lab (Purdue OWL), and at university/college libraries for specific listing styles for current and thorough information on how to make a reference page for an essay.