The Bill clearly had Government support.
From the early 9th century, the territory of the country which is today known as The Netherlands was part of Frisia, which covered the whole coastal area from southern Denmark in the east to Flanders in the west. Under the partition of imperial territories agreed at Thionville inFrisia was assigned to Charles, eldest son of Emperor Charles I before reverting to the emperor on his son's early death in Afterthe territory of the future Netherlands became the northernmost part of the kingdom of Lotharingia, created under the treaty of Verdun which finally settled the lengthy disputes between the sons of Emperor Louis I.
The county of Holland was the western part of The Netherlands, stretching approximately from the island of Texel in the north to Dordrecht in the south.
The county is first referred to by the name "Holland" in a charter dated although the name "Holtlant" wood-landreferring to a place in the area of Leiden, appears once in a 9th century charter which lists the property of St Maarten's church . The name "Holland" is now frequently used to refer to the whole nation of The Netherlands, but this is incorrect, similar to saying "England" when one wishes to refer to "Great Britain".
The present document sets out the dukes and counts of Frisia, the counts of Holland, and the counts of the adjacent counties which were eventually incorporated into The Netherlands. The earliest recorded duke of Frisia was Radbod. Frisia marked the northern boundary of the kingdom of Austrasia, although it is unclear how much of the territory was effectively controlled by the Merovingian Frankish kings.
The pacification process must have been slow and subject to setbacks. The Continuator of Fredegar records that Grimoald was murdered by a Frisian inand that Charles "Martel" "conquered" presumably meaning reconquered the territory in .
Further revolts in Frisia against the Franks are recorded in the s . Reuter suggests that the local Frisian nobility was absorbed only to a limited extent into the Frankish ruling elite, contrasting the situation in Frisia with that of Saxony .
Ecclesiastically, Frisia fell within the jurisdiction of the bishopric of Utrecht, whose earliest bishop is recorded in . Chapter 1 of this document sets out what is known about the early dukes of Frisia and about early Frisian counts who were probably descended from these dukes.
Frisia's marshy terrain made it relatively inaccessible by land. However, it was subject to repeated Viking attacks from the sea from the early 9th century, as reported in numerous contemporary sources.
The first such confrontation is recorded in in the Royal Frankish Annals, which report that Godefrid King of the Danes fought the Frisians .
The Annales Fuldenses refer to a devastating Viking attack on Dorestad and the island of Walcheren in . It is clear that the Vikings did not just see Frisia as an attractive target for raids. The area constituted a convenient staging post from which to launch raids on Frankish territory further to the south.
The Annales Fuldenses record the baptism of "Herioldus cum uxore et magna Danorum multitudine" at Mainz an important symbolic gesture in the process of integration. It is clear that the Carolingian Frankish kings of Lotharingia did not relinquish their claim to jurisdiction over Frisia despite Viking encroachment, as shown by the Annales Bertiniani which record that Emperor Lothaire I gave Frisia to his son the future King Lothaire II in .
Godefrid effectively became Duke of Frisia, under imperial suzerainty. After Godefrid was killed inthe emperor appointed the Saxon Graf Eberhard as duke and, after Eberhard was murdered inhis brother Meginhard was appointed. No later mention of this imperially created Frisian duchy has been found in the primary sources so far consulted and it is assumed that it lapsed as separate counties developed in Frisia.Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom (8 November 22 September ) was a biography of sophia augusta frederica the sixth child and a biography of sophia augusta frederica second daughter of George III and Charlotte of.
Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain (31 July 23 March ) was a British princess. granddaughter of George II and the only elder sibling of . Fayette County Obituaries - C-The people memorialized in the obituaries and death notices below either lived at least part of their lives in the county or are buried here.
HOLLAND, frisia, gelre v Updated 03 November RETURN TO INDEX. TABLE OF CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION.. Chapter 1. DUKES and COUNTS of the FRISIANS. A. DUKES of the FRISIANS.. B. COUNTS of the FRISIANS.. Chapter 2.
COUNTS OF HOLLAND  Chapter 3. Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia Early life Edit. At the age of 16, Peter I demanded that Golitsyn report to him regarding all matters, and the Naryshkin family prepared for their long-awaited ascension to power.
In , Peter began to promote within his clan, and Sophia remained powerless to halt the gradual shift in control. Father: Alexis I.
Our complete Library Catalogue. Though Catherine's life and reign included remarkable personal successes, they ended with two failures.
Her Swedish cousin (once removed), King Gustav IV Adolph, visited her in September , the Empress's intention being that her granddaughter Alexandra should become Queen of Sweden by marriage.
A ball was given at the imperial court on 11 September, when the engagement was .